Acoustic Module in ANSYS

  • 301 Views
  • Last Post 04 November 2018
Samar posted this 20 October 2018

Hi,

I need to work on one of the acoustic modules of ANSYS that my task is importing (Displacement) data "Output of Transient Structural Module" in to the Acoustic module and Calculate the pressure (Acoustic Wave) as the Ultrasound idea. I NEED to Know:
1- Which module should i use Model Acoustic or Harmonic Acoustics?

2- Should i define a physical region or not ? "N.B.: I don't know what's the meaning of physical region in acoustics"

Also i have downloaded the ACT and Acoustics Extension; installed them on ANSYS Workbench but still can't work on any of the acoustic modules, there's a (?) beside the module as shown in figure, WHY???

Help Please... Thanks in advance 

Attached Files

Order By: Standard | Newest | Votes
Raef.Kobeissi posted this 20 October 2018

Hmm, I've done 1 simulation using an acoustic model in Fluent for CFD purposes. I am sure it can be connected to structural analysis:

 

Raef Kobeissi

Samar posted this 20 October 2018

Even when i used a stand alone Harmonic module (Just for exercise for myself), i can't work with any of the modules. Is there any specific parameters i need to define before using the harmonic modules in ANSYS ?

peteroznewman posted this 20 October 2018

Hello Samar,

Here is a post about ultrasound frequencies in an acoustics model.

You don't want Harmonic Acoustics because that is only for sinusoidal waveforms and you have a general time-history transient, which is probably not a pure sine wave. Can you put the Transient Structural displacement data into a zip file and attach that so I can look at it?

I may be able to upload a working Acoustics model for you to look at, but first tell me what version of ANSYS you have installed and if it is the Student or Research license.

Regards,
Peter

Samar posted this 20 October 2018

 Am working on ANSYS Research license. 

And here is the displacement attached file.

Attached Files

peteroznewman posted this 21 October 2018

Hello Samar,

You didn't say what version of ANSYS 18.2, 19.2 etc.

I looked in the text file you attached. It has a Total Displacement value for 103,102 nodes. I expected to see a displacement-time history for 1 node.

I can look at your Workbench Project Archive to see all the information I want. Follow these directions to create that and Attach it to your reply. You can only attach files < 120 MB.  You can clear your mesh if the file is too large.

Regards,
Peter

Samar posted this 21 October 2018

Hello Peter,

- ANSYS V 19.0

- For displacement; i don't know how to export displacement with time. I just right click on the (Total Deformation) under Solution and select "Export". Could you tell me how to export it with time ?

- I will attach my Workbench project

peteroznewman posted this 23 October 2018

Hello Samar,

If you have a displacement result, and ideally it is at a single vertex, then you will have a graph and tabular output below the graphics window. You can copy, paste that tabular data into Excel.

I can look at your Workbench Project Archive to see all the information I want. Follow these directions to create that and Attach it to your reply. You can only attach files < 120 MB.  You can clear your mesh if the file is too large.

Regards,
Peter

Samar posted this 24 October 2018

Hello Peter,

- Project attached after clearing Mesh.

- May the problem of acoustic results from that it didn't work for 2D Models, Material Properties, Analysis Settings, Time, or Mesh size; I really don't know how to deal with any of the acoustic modules in ANSYS even for 3D models it didn't work with me

Attached Files

peteroznewman posted this 24 October 2018

Hello Samar,

I have opened your project, which I see has 2D Plane Stress Transient Thermal and Transient Structural analysis linked together in B and C, E and F.

In all the Transient Structural models, you have constrained the edge to have zero displacement. Could you explain what you are trying to simulate and why a zero displacement circular edge is a good boundary condition for your needs. The geometry for this Plane Stress analysis is only 0.1 mm thick.  Is that the actual dimension of the material?

The time scales on these Transient Structural models range from 92 seconds to 32 seconds.  The only input that causes displacement over time is the step change in the Thermal model. The response is shown below.

The solver warns that the initial time step may be too large. I agree with that assessment.

The heat "pulse" is much too slow to count as an acoustic pulse.

Are you planning to apply Ultrasound displacement inputs to a model?

Regards,
Peter

Samar posted this 24 October 2018

Hello Peter,

1- For the existing models (B, C, E, & F) it was just to check the difference in output signal from structure when (Model) is linked and not linked.

2- In Transient Structure; I have a boundary condition that the nodes on the outer circle is fixed, So i put (Displacement = 0 in X and Y) as well i tried to use the (Fixed Support) instead of (Displacement = 0) and found no difference in result.

3- For the (Thickness); I don't know what is the reasonable value to use i just put (0.1 mm) as it's a small value and my geometry is a sheet! It seems that am wrong here... 

4- Yes the only input that causes displacement over time is the step change in the Thermal model. And subsequently the input that will cause pressure over time is the change in displacement + Acoustic boundary conditions applied.

 

5- Exactly i need to apply the displacement I/P to calculate Pressure as in Ultrasound. 

 

Samar posted this 24 October 2018

6- Regarding the Analysis settings:

I calculated (Delta Time) according to this equation:

 Where (Delta X) = Lambda/20; Lambda = C/freq.

Assuming that freq. of Ultrasound = 100,000 Hz ....  "I just use this freq. to be able to get results from ANSYS".
-- So depending on these calculations i got (Delta Time) = 1.1268 Sec. and that's what i used to work on.

Regarding the time scales on Transient Structural models range from 92 seconds to 32 seconds:
I was checking the difference in results as time (or Sub-steps) changed and i found that the distribution of (total deformation) for the time 32 is within the sheet borders while during the time 92 or any time greater than 32, the distribution of (total deformation) displayed outside the outer border of circle. What is the meaning of that?

Why the initial time step may be too large although i got this value from above equation?

And What is the suitable time to use to be able to get an acoustic signal?

Regards, 


 

 

peteroznewman posted this 25 October 2018

I don't understand how acoustics or ultrasound apply.
Acoustic frequencies are between 20 and 20,000 Hz.
Ultrasound can be 100 kHz and much higher.

Please explain what you are trying to simulate. 

Regards,

Samar posted this 27 October 2018

Am trying to simulate the change in pressure resulted from displacement that has been resulted from change in temperature in human tissue (i.e.: Breast) to be able to differentiate between the normal and abnormal tissues by this pressure wave as each of the normal and abnormal tissue will have different responses. 

So, that's Acoustic

peteroznewman posted this 27 October 2018

Here is a paper on Thermal characteristics of a tumor in breast tissue.

Even more relevant is this paper on the relationship between Thermal and Ultrasound in breast tissue.

Samar posted this 27 October 2018

I used C= 1540, So Lambda = C/f = 1540/100,000 = 0.0154 m = 15.4 mm.

Delta x = Lambda/20 = 0.0154/20 = 7.7*10^-4 m = 0.77 mm

Delta t = 1/2 (Density*Specific Heat capacity/Thermal Conductivity)*(Delta x)^2

I used Tumor Values; Density = 1000 kg/m^3, Specific Heat Capacity= 4181.3 J/Kg.K, Thermal Conductivity=  1.1 W/m.K then;

Delta t= 1/2 ((1000*4181.3)/1.1)*(7.7*10^-4) = 1.1268 Sec. 

Samar posted this 27 October 2018

Am validating a 2D and 3D model for a breast tissue model that's similar to the one in the attached paper-2. I need to continue working till i got a signal from Acoustic module here is my main problem.

Samar posted this 03 November 2018

Any help in Acoustics ?

peteroznewman posted this 03 November 2018

The second paper that mentions acoustics is using ultrasound imaging on a patient to acquire experimental data, and overlaying the experimental data over the FEM results of a thermal model.  The paper did not have any ultrasound computed by FEM. The only FEM result was a thermal result.

Show me a paper where ultrasound imaging is simulated in FEM and then we can see what was done. Your model has no ultrasonic inputs.

Samar posted this 03 November 2018

Am working on steps as the attached paper but it also didn't mention the details of using the FEM as well i am trying to self learn how to get results from acoustic modules (Specially the "Modal Acoustic") but i couldn't even solve for it & there is NO clear tutorials for this module to follow them. 

Attached Files

peteroznewman posted this 04 November 2018

Look at the time scale in Figure 2, it is in nanoseconds!
That is what I am talking about, ultrasound frequencies with time steps < 1e-9 seconds, not 1.12 second time steps.

Did you download the Acoustics ACT from the Customer Portal?  It has a few clear tutorials for learning basic acoustic models.

Samar posted this 04 November 2018

OK shall i now try to work with a very small time and increase the number of sub-steps as much as i could ?

And Yes i downloaded the Acoustic ACT extension from library (ACT_Acoustics_v190.1) and installed it in the "Extensions" of ANSYS. The tutorials exist are for a (Speaker) or (fluid flow & Acoustic using: Fluent Solver). When i follow the Speaker Example the (Acoustic module displays a (?) as shown in Fig. bellow)

Close