# Wind Loading on Hemispherical Dome

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• Last Post 07 April 2018
glopez06 posted this 29 March 2018

Hello, I am a student at Baker College for Civil Engineering. I am working on a project for analyzing a hemispherical concrete dome under wind loading. The dome is modeled using Shell281 element and as a simple hemispherical dome of radius 12m. The wind loading is to be a velocity of 33 m/s. This project is to be done as simply as possible, without using considerations for building codes or other detailed factors. I would appreciate anyone who could explain to me a method for applying the wind load in APDL in the most simple way possible. I have very little experience with ANSYS. The attachment is the distribution of pressure coefficients that I have been working with.Thanks in advance.

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peteroznewman posted this 30 March 2018

Using AIM 19.0 I created this model in about 15 minutes (on my second try). It uses the Fluid-Structure Interaction workflow. There is a large block of air over a thin walled aluminum dome. The air comes in on the left face at 33 m/s.

Here is the velocity in the air

Here is the pressure on the dome

Here is the stress in the aluminum shell plotted on an extremely exaggerated deformed shape.

Many improvements in accuracy and efficiency can be made, but you can take a look at this model.

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glopez06 posted this 30 March 2018

This is exactly what I am trying to do, but I am unfamiliar with AIM 19.0 and how it differs from APDL. Could you explain how to apply the block of air model to APDL software?

peteroznewman posted this 30 March 2018

I expect there is a way to map the pressure results from a Fluent model of the airflow over a rigid dome onto a Structural mesh of the dome. That is what is being done "under-the-hood" in AIM.  I expect there is a manual method for APDL use. I don't know what those commands are.

I rarely use APDL code, and don't use the ANSYS "Classic" user interface, but if you want to put your input file and any other documentation in a zip file and attach it to your reply, I will play around and see what I can figure out. If you are lucky, someone else who knows how to do this will reply.

peteroznewman posted this 31 March 2018

Here is a Fluent Model of just the air.

This is another version of the AIM model above, but with more control and only to calculate dome pressure.  I am looking at how to export this data to apply to a Structural model. This page looks relevant.

There is something called a Y+ wall calculation, which estimates what the thickness of the first layer of cells over the dome should be to properly capture the development of a boundary layer in the turbulent flow. Using the 33 m/s velocity and the 24 m dome diameter, it calculates a first layer thickness of 0.014 mm. Is this necessary?  When I meshed with this, I got reversed flow at the outlet, which I think means I need to increase the downstream length to the outlet. I hope one of the CFD gurus on the site will comment whether this is an adequate model of the airflow over the dome.

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glopez06 posted this 31 March 2018

Thank you for your help, I was using a thickness of 0.10 m for the dome. Your AIM model seems to do exactly what I am trying to do in APDL. I have very little experience with ANSYS though, I'm sure there is a method for applying a wind load to a structure but I haven't been able to find any documents that describe that process.

peteroznewman posted this 31 March 2018

This page looks relevant.

You can download a free Student license for AIM or ANSYS 19.0 then you could do the analysis in  AIM or Workbench.

What version of ANSYS are you using? Is it the Student license or a Research license?

Why do you have to do the analysis in APDL software?

peteroznewman posted this 01 April 2018

I wanted to reproduce the AIM model in Workbench. This first video is Geometry creation and Meshing.

This second video is building the Fluent model and solving. I welcome any comments from experienced CFD members.

The third video is building the Structural model and transferring the pressure load.

glopez06 posted this 03 April 2018

I believe I am using ANSYS 18.2, and I have to use APDL because that is what my professor is requiring for this project. It is a student license.

peteroznewman posted this 03 April 2018

Please put your APDL input file and any other documentation in a zip file and attach it to your reply if you want more help on this project.

glopez06 posted this 05 April 2018

I have decided to try follow your video tutorials for doing this problem in workbench, I have never used workbench before and in your first video you say that you have started a fluent model and started a space claim to save time, could you explain how you started those things?

peteroznewman posted this 05 April 2018

Glad to hear you will give Workbench a try!

In Workbench, you drag the Fluent system out of the toolbox and drop it on the Project Schematic area. The Fluent system has a cell for Geometry. When you double click on that cell, it takes a couple of minutes for the SpaceClaim window to open before you can draw anything. I double clicked that before I started recording the video so you didn't have to wait those 2 minutes.

Similarly when you double click the Setup cell, it takes a couple of minutes for the Fluent window to open, and I opened that before I started recording to save time.

glopez06 posted this 06 April 2018

I have completed all of your tutorials and followed every move that you did, my final pressure load looks like this though. I see that the values are different than the ones in your video, I'm guessing variation might be due to different versions of Ansys? but why does the image look like this? Did I make a mistake or is there a setting I need to change to have it show the color distribution better? I followed every move your made exactly

glopez06 posted this 06 April 2018

This was my pressure load in the Fluent model before putting it in the static structural model.

glopez06 posted this 06 April 2018

Also, is there a way in Workbench to plot the crack patterns of the concrete?

peteroznewman posted this 07 April 2018

I learned how to plot cracks in Workbench using an APDL command snippet from Nayef.

Here is that code for copy paste:

/SHOW,png

/ANG,1,

/VIEW,1,0,0,0

SET,1,1

/DEVICE,VECTOR,ON

!PLNSOL,s,eqv

!SET,Lstep,1

SET,Last

PLCRACK

There is also a command snippet above that may be required. It has this code in it:

outres,all,all

You also have to have a command snippet to set the element to solid65 and the material to concrete.

Here is that code:

et,matid,solid65

MP,Ex,matid,1500

MP,Prxy,matid,0.2

MP,Dens,matid,2400e-9

TB,concr,matid

tbdata,1,0.3,1,0.304,4.278

When you click on Plot, this is what you see:

ANSYS 18.2 archive is attached.

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